Child Support in Minnesota
Child support in Minnesota is a significant issue for many separated and divorcing parents. And for good reason. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Expenditures by Children on Families 2013 Report, it will cost parents approximately $245,340 ($304,480 adjusted for projected inflation) to raise a child born in 2013 to his/her 18th birthday.* Therefore, as a divorcing or separated parent, you’ll want to learn as much as you can about child support in Minnesota.
Continue reading to find out what Minnesota includes in child support, what influences how much you’ll pay/receive and how to calculate your child support amounts/payments.
NOTE: This estimate doesn’t include any costs associated with pregnancy and child birth, or costs associated with the child after turning 18, such as higher education. In addition, this estimate depends on factors such as, household income, geographical region, number of children, etc… However, you can estimate how much it’ll cost to raise your child by using the USDA’s cost of raising a child calculator. Lastly, see the press release for the average cost of raising a child report, to discover how inflation was projected.
What is Child Support in Minnesota?
In Minnesota, there are 3 different components that make up what people refer to as “child support.”
Therefore, in Minnesota, all 3 of these parts make up what is known as “child support” and all 3 parts must be addressed in any child support court order.
The legal definition of child support in Minnesota is:
- An amount for basic support, child care support and medical support pursuant to a court order (dissolution, legal separation, annulment or parentage proceeding) for the care, support and education of any child of the marriage or of the parties to the proceeding.
Child Support in Minnesota: A Three Part System
PART 1 – Basic Support
Basic support is what most people think about when it comes to child support. Basic support refers predominantly to the cost of meeting the day-to-day needs of the child. For example, basic support involves the cost for food, clothing, and shelter for the child.
PART 2 – Child Care Support
Child care support refers to the cost to place the child with a child care provider. Most typically, child care support comes up when a parent has to place the child with a child care provider while working. In this case, child care support becomes a cost included in child support.
PART 3 – Medical Support
Medical support involves the medical and dental insurance costs for the child. Medical support can also include out-of-pocket medical and dental expenses.
How to Calculate Child Support in Minnesota
With a few potential adjustments, child support in Minnesota is calculated by using:
1. The total gross income of both parents and
2. The relative amount of parenting time each parent has with the child
Learn more about: How much will I pay/receive for my kids?
Minnesota Child Support Issues: Parenting Time and Parental Income
When child support is argued in Minnesota, it will rarely be over the calculation, as the calculation itself, is pretty straightforward. Instead, when there are disputes regarding child support in Minnesota, the disputes are often centered around who gets what amount of parenting time, because the amount of parenting time heavily weighs into the final child support amount. In addition, parental income (which is the other factor that significantly influences child support payments) can also be heavily contested. This is particularly true if one party is self-employed or unemployed.
Learn more about: What Not To Do and Do When Your Ex Isn’t Paying Support
Learn more about: How Your Marriage Impacts Future Support for Your Kids
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